SUMMARY

Ethnographic materials allow us to assert that one of the basic reasons of the stability of self-consciousness and originality of the way of life, economy and culture of each of the principal ethnic components of the population of the region under examination was a peculiar economic symbiosis which emerged over the centuries: the traditional pattern of the economy of one component complemented, as it were, the economy of two other components. This complementary interaction in the sphere of eco-nomy responsible for the stable and close ties between them, mutual influence of cultures and ethnic mixture give ground to regard the territory under examination as a special historico- cultural region.

Thus, the process of the formation of two nationalities — the Tajiks and the Uzbeks — was going on here, just as in other regions between Amudarya and the Syrdarya, in the closest interaction.

In conclusion it should be said that the backwardness and stagnation of the economy of the Bokhara khanate, as well as the natural and semi-natural economy did not allow the economic ties in small districts to develop into broad inter-regional connections. Economic specialisation of individual districts and regions did not take place either, although it could have resulted in the development of commodity-money relations, and subsequently in the development of the capitalist economy. This was hampered by continuous feudal wars that often led to complete economic devastation.

The joining of Central Asia to Russia exerted a favourable influence on the economic development of not сitу the Turkestan territory but the Bokhara khanate as well. The cessation of feudal wars, the establishment of close trade and economic ties with Russia and the construction of a railway line contributed to the advancement of internal trade, the growth of cities, the emergence of the first industrial enterprises of a capitalist type, as well as the penetration of capitalist relations to the villages. All this stepped up ethnic processes in the Turkestan territory and the central part of the Bokhara khanate. However, the consolidation of the Tajik and Uzbek bourgeois nations by the time of the victory of the Great October Socialist Revolution had not yet ended, and in Eastern Bokhara, a far-off outskirt of the Bokhara khanate the process of national consolidation was only about to begin.

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